Types of Clothing Fabrics

To list all the types of fabrics there are in the world would fill up pages and pages. But here is a select sample of the common ones, with a few exotic types thrown in.

  1. Cotton is derived from the fiber of the tropical cotton plant. When the cotton flowers bloom and die, a boll remains which ripens and splits open to reveal a white, fluffy interior with seeds – this is the raw cotton. Cotton is the most widely used fabric and is the basis of over 30 types of textiles.
  2. Blends are a general description of fabrics made of two or more fibers. The idea is to incorporate the distinct characteristics of the separate fibers into one textile.
  3. Denim is a type of cotton fabric woven in such a way that the threads produce that distinctive diagonal ribbing on the underside of the fabric. Traditionally it was dyed blue and the first denim trousers were made in Genoa, Italy. Both the words ‘denim’ and ‘jeans’ are of French origin.
  4. Chiffon is a very sheer, light fabric made out of silk, cotton or synthetic fibers. The twist in the fibers gives it a somewhat rough feel, and the mesh-like weave contributes to its see through properties.
  5. Georgette is a type of silk fabric, although today synthetic georgettes are also produced. It’s light, crinkly, slightly rough feel is what it’s known for, plus the range of colors it is dyed in.
  6. Wool is a natural protein fiber derived from the hair and fur of different animals including sheep and goats. The fibers are shorter than those of silk and generally form a looser weave.

Fabrics are either woven or knitted, and can be made from animal fibers (wool and silk), plant fibers (cotton and linen) or man-made fibers (nylon). Knitted fabrics are more stretchy than woven ones. Various other types of clothing can prove fruitful for different knitting and stitching projects or for creating ready stock apparels.